The Journal of Higher Education and Research Society: A Refereed International (ISSN 2321-9432) expects the contributors to follow MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (Seventh Edition). The contributors can also visit the following Web Pages for more details:




MLA Style: Quick Guide

Citing sources in the text: (Parenthetical Entry)

  • Author’s name in text:

               Arnold has pointed this out (56-57).

               According to Tillyard “the wheel of fire turns anticlockwise” (67).

  • Author’s name in reference:

               This has already been pointed out (Arnold 56-57).

               The character is “unconvincing” (Reddy 89).

  • Authors’ names in text:

               Habib and Golding (314-19) hold a contrary opinion to the earlier stated     perception. 

  • Authors’ names in reference:

     Others have expressed a contrary opinion about this perception
     (Habib and    Golding 314-19).

Work Cited list

  • Basic format:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

 Books/ Non Periodical Publications:

  • Single Author

Narayan, R.K. Swami and Friends. Madras: Indian Thought Publication, 1932. Print.

  • Two or Three Authors

Robinson, Rowena and Stephen McCarthy. Fundamentals of Modern Critical Theories. London: Methuen, 2009. Print.

 Robinson, Rowena, Stephen McCarthy and John Paul. A Brief History of European Literature. New York: Rutledge, 2010. Print.

  •  More than Three Authors

Robinson, Rowena et al. Multiculturalism: A Broad Perspective. New York: CUP, 2007. Print.

  •  A Book by a Corporate Author

American Medical Association. The American Medical Association Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Charles B. Layman. New York: Random, 1989. Print.

  •  Editor, Translator and Compilers

Lattimore, Richmond. trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951. Print.

 Das, B. and Jatindra Mohan Mohanty. Ed. Literary Criticism: A Reading. Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1985. Print.

  •  Editor, Translator and Compilers in addition to Author

García Márquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Trans./Ed./Comp. Edith Grossman. London: Cape, 1988. Print.

  •  Preface, Foreword and Introduction of a book

Borges, Jorge Luis. Foreword. Selected Poems, 1923–1967. By Borges. Ed. Norman Thomas Di Giovanni. New York: Delta-Dell, 1973. xv–xvi. Print.

  •  Chapter or other part of a book

Gill, Stephen. “Mythical Interpretation of Indo-Canadian Diaspora” in Commonwealth Literature: Colonial Inheritance edited by Ram Bhagwan Singh and C. L. Khatri. Jaipur: Yking Books, 2011. Print.

  • Articles Printed(Magazines, News Papers, Journals)

Mann, Susan. ‘Myths of Asian Womanhood’. Journal of Asian Studies 59 (2000): 835–62. Print.

Mehta, Pratap Bhanu. ‘Exploding Myths’. New Republic 6 June 1998: 17–19. Print.

Prasad, GJV. “Harold Pinter: Poet-Playwright of Peace and Violence”. The Indian Express 14 Dec. 2005. Print.

  • Article online

Owen, Wilfred. “‘Minds at War’ Wilfred Owen’s Psychological Journey”.  Web. 25 July 2013. <>.

  •  Book Review

David, Kamp. “Deconstructing Dinner”. Rev. of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, by Michael Pollan, Sunday Book Review. New York Times April 23, 2006. Web. <>

  •  An Unpublished Dissertation

Mehata, Suruchi. “Psychological Study of Protagonists in the selected novels of Anita Desai”. Ph. D. thesis. North Maharashtra University, 2010. Print.

  • A Published Dissertation

Mehata, Suruchi. “Psychological Study of Protagonists in the selected Novels of Anita Desai”. Ph. D. Thesis. NMU, 2010. Mumbai: Routledge, 2013. Print.

  • A Multivolume Work

Blanco, Richard L. Ed. The American Revolution, 1775–1783: An Encyclopedia. 2 vols. Hamden: Garland, 1993. Print.

  • E-mail Communication

Harner, James L. E-mail to the author. 20 Aug. 2002.